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  1. Markw84

    Chlorohexidine Cream?

    I agree with @Yvonne G . Looks chewed on. I don't see any active infection there. It looks like it is healing. You need to check and see how something (rat/dog) could have got to your baby tortoise. That tortoise is too small to be out where something can get to it.
  2. Markw84

    Is My Spotted Turtle Boy Or Girl?

    Here's a photo of some of my spotteds basking. The male is easy to see with all the females. A couple of juvenile males there, but the old male is really easy to see with that black face. Zoom in and see if you can find him! The second one up from the water on the log is also a male about 9...
  3. Markw84

    Is My Spotted Turtle Boy Or Girl?

    Looking male to me, but still a bit young to be sure. I would be 90% sure male at this point. The tail is looking male as the opening is now well past the edge of the carapace. The real easy defining characteristic of spotted males is they develop a black face. That normally happens about...
  4. Markw84

    Where to purchase a baby sulcata?

    As of a few days ago, @NorCal tortoise guy had 9 left and that was it for the year. He has great sulcatas and they would be a good choice for you. Message him and see if he is shipping. Really do think though the process of housing a large tortoise in the New York winters. It takes a very...
  5. Markw84

    To hibernate or not hibernate. That is the question.

    I would not. The brumation process involves varying degrees of sleep and low levels of activity. However, I would not try to change that by moving or soaking - thereby artificially increasing activity levels above what the tortoise may be really capable of in its current state. If set up...
  6. Markw84

    Finally finished my aldabra's new home.

    The walls are insulated with a spray-on foam insulation.
  7. Markw84

    Finally finished my aldabra's new home.

    I love your tortoise room and it is a nice start on what I would build for a large tortoise in your area. I agree with what @Tom has said, but will give more background... I know @ALDABRAMAN uses sand in his night house/barn. However, that is a true night house. The tortoises never eat in...
  8. Markw84

    Aloha from Frankie Baby

    We really don't know how much UV exposure a tortoise needs, let alone the differences (if any) between species. Technically my answer would be no. But what is "proper UV light"?. Importantly tortoises all have altered behavior patterns in captivity. I the wild they hide most all the time...
  9. Markw84

    Aloha from Frankie Baby

    I like a UVI reading of about 3.5 at tortoise level. With your Arcadia T5 12% that should be with it mounted about 18-20" high. If you have a solarmeter 6.5 you can measure and be certain.
  10. Markw84

    Genetic testing to optimize breeding programs

    It is a LOT of work. Getting reliable info is the hardest part. With Galapagos it is still a realatively select group of individuals in addition to the AZA members that have Galaps. Maybe a dozen locations producing babies. So at least marginally manageable. And with bloodwork available to...
  11. Markw84

    Too early to tell gender?

    Thanks for the reference, but Smart Tortoise Keeper is indeed my Smart Enclosures facebook page for easy reference.
  12. Markw84

    Genetic testing to optimize breeding programs

    Exactly. I have for exactly that reason built and am maintaining a complete studbook for Galapagos.
  13. Markw84

    Genetic testing to optimize breeding programs

    He is "sort of" retired. But still does testing with his lab for us.
  14. Markw84

    Genetic testing to optimize breeding programs

    I am not. That is why I carefully mark and track each platynota I produce along with Dam and Sire info. Keeping track of which tortoise is which is vital. Studbooks were/are used for this and there is a studbook for platynota. However, it was deemed unnecessary to track private breeders they...
  15. Markw84

    Genetic testing to optimize breeding programs

    We do have all our Galapagos tested. I just drew blood from my one and two year olds two weeks ago. We batch a very large group of samples together to make it worth the time for the lab. The issue, as @turtlesteve mentions, is that a comprehensive database of microsatellites for the...
  16. Markw84

    To hibernate or not hibernate. That is the question.

    I think it might be appropriate to bring up here - Turtles and tortoises brumate, not hibernate. I normally try to avoid the "correction police" type behavior, but this discussion bring up exactly why scientists decided it was necessary to create the term brumation to differentiate from...
  17. Markw84

    New member to this forum, my name is Danny and my sulcata hatchling is named Tortellini

    Welcome to the forum. You have found in the forum the only place I would trust for the latest as best info on tortoise care. We can help you get everything the best possible for your tortoise if you wish. I will start with suggesting you do read the care sheet on sulcatas. Your tortoise has...
  18. Markw84

    Turtle ID please

    I agree with @TeamZissou Chinese strip-necked turtle Mauremys sinensis
  19. Markw84

    Preplanning Sulcata Enclosure...advice, tips, warnings PLEASE

    I would definitely go with underfloor insulation. Be sure the floor/slab has insulation beneath. Where you are ground temperatures are often in the high 30°sF. The ground will suck what heat you provide constantly and be a huge heat sink. Bad enough for heating costs, but worse for the...
  20. Markw84

    How do I know if my leopard tortoise is growing too fast??

    Your tortoise was actually growing quite nicely and smooth prior to when you got it. However, all the growth since you got the tortoise is extremely pyramided. You need to make some changes to the enclosure and how you are keeping it as the pyramiding going on now will be quite extreme if...
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