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  1. Tom

    Are these weeds safe for my Sulcata?

    Don't know the first one. Second one is sow thistle. Great tortoise food. Third is spurge. Its not deadly toxic, but they shouldn't really eat it much.
  2. Tom

    Should you bake, boil or freeze loose coconut fiber substrate?

    That should work. Yes.
  3. Tom

    Baby RFs Free to Good Homes in Florida

    Babies usually don't outright maul each other, but psychologically it is not good for them. It causes long term low grade stress. The dominant wants the submissive to leave and tell it so. The submissive wants to leave but it can't. This is a bad situation for both of them. Pair dynamics are...
  4. Tom

    Glass tank

    A 40 is the bare minimum for a tiny hatchling. At 6 months they should need something MUCH bigger. Do you have a kitchen scale? You should be weighing your baby weekly to make sure everything is okay.
  5. Tom

    Should you bake, boil or freeze loose coconut fiber substrate?

    Four different elements. Ambient heat, ambient light, basking lamp and UV if needed. If you are getting the tortoise outside a couple of times per week most of the year, or more, then you don't need indoor UV. If you do want indoor UV I would only run it 1-3 hours mid day, so you still need...
  6. Tom

    Nighttime heat

    Make or buy a large closed chamber with the lights inside. Solves this problem and makes life easy.
  7. Tom

    Building a new enclosure for my girl.

    Get a 4x8 sheet of plywood and put some 16-18 inch walls on it. Then mount a 2x4 on posts above the enclosure to hang all your lights from. Dump in 3-4 inches of fine grade orchid bark or cypress mulch and you are done. You can prime and paint it if you want. Put in a couple of large terra cotta...
  8. Tom

    Fogger hide for all tortoises?

    It doesn't matter where in the world you are. A closed chamber makes maintaining heat and humidity easy anywhere in the world. And humidifiers shouldn't be used anywhere in the world.
  9. Tom

    Total beginner needing advice

    Babies should be soaked daily. Hydration is critical for little ones. They also need warm temps and moderate humidity and it doesn't look like the enclosure they sold you can accomplish that. Heat mats should not be used under small tortoises in indoor habitats. Here is the current and correct...
  10. Tom

    Carapace irregular in places - Western Hermann's

    No apologies necessary. Its totally fine. Usually posts get much more response faster than what yours did, so I was just explaining. All of us are here to talk tortoises. Your questions and enthusiasm fuel the conversation. Don't hesitate to quote people or notify them so we can all have MORE...
  11. Tom

    Should you bake, boil or freeze loose coconut fiber substrate?

    More on bullet point 3: Ambient lighting is important. It should look bight and "sunny" in the indoor enclosures during the day. LEDs give bright balanced light, with very little heat, and very little electrical usage. Drive up to SCV and you can get a giant 2.0 cu. ft. bag of fine grade orchid...
  12. Tom

    Carapace irregular in places - Western Hermann's

    It is a holiday weekend here in the US, Thanksgiving, and people are spending time with family. This is one possible reason you haven't gotten a lot of comments. This is also an unusual case. Split scutes and scute abnormalities are fairly common, but your tortoise is unusually aberrant. I use...
  13. Tom

    Should you bake, boil or freeze loose coconut fiber substrate?

    I wouldn't use coir for a sulcata. You'll soon see that it is too messy. Fine grade orchid bark works best. What part of CA are you in? I can help you find o bark cheap in bulk if you are anywhere near me in Santa Clarita. No tortoise needs a moonlight bulb. It should be dark at night. Sulcatas...
  14. Tom

    The Best Way To Raise A Sulcata, Leopard, Or Star Tortoise

    The high whites jut happen sometimes. I've not found any reason for it or way to control/influence it. Night temperature should be no lower than 26-27C. Daytime ambient temps should climb to 30-33C. Basking area directly under the bulb should be around 36-37C. Babies should be housed mostly...
  15. Tom

    Baby RFs Free to Good Homes in Florida

    Never keep tortoises in pairs. Its bad. Get only one, or get three or more.
  16. Tom

    Should you bake, boil or freeze loose coconut fiber substrate?

    The loose stuff is the least economical way to get coco coir. You will need to dampen it and hand pack it down. Down leave it loose or dry. What species are you keeping on it? Mites really aren't a problem for tortoises. I've never seen an infestation ever, and I've been keeping them for...
  17. Tom

    Carapace irregular in places - Western Hermann's

    What type of basking bulb has this tortoise had? Humidity? What substrate? How much time outside in the sun ins warm weather, and what type of UV bulb inside? Can we see the enclosure?
  18. Tom

    Sulcata laying dates

    They typically lay in winter. Mine usually lay late December or January for the first time, and then lay two or three more clutches until it warms up again in May. This is if you are heating them correctly over winter. Some people in AZ let them burrow and don't heat them. This is a mistake...
  19. Tom

    How often should I clean

    What kind of spray? Are you talking about the soaking tub? I just rinse mine with water.
  20. Tom

    Horsefield tortoise wont stop eating!

    Looks like the pet shop sold you that Pets at Home substrate. That stuff is dangerous and should be removed ASAP. What idiot thought up that concept? Let make substrate with sand and soil and then add limestone bits into it to encourage the tortoises to EAT the sandy substrate. What a great way...
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