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    Yellow Spots on Neck

    Well this pathogen sounds absolutely horrifying. @mastershake thanks for getting to the bottom of this and keeping us informed. Any idea what the incubation period for this is? Presumably it can be carried asymptomatically too? Trying to get a feel for how much of a disaster this is going to...
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    Somebody come get these poor babies!!!

    12 weeks old and zero growth is bad news. I am hoping this is an older picture after they hatched and isn’t REALLY how they are being kept.... but that’s just wishful thinking. The concerns here go way beyond overcrowding. I’m with zovick on this one. In all likelihood, crushing the eggs...
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    Is me again.

    The original 5M21 is what you want. It does have some sugar and the ingredient list is not all that impressive. However, almost nobody can get their tortoises to eat the other LS mazuri (it’s like trying to make my kids eat broccoli). The 5M21 has a proven track record and is fine as a small...
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    Is me again.

    I’m not going to go back and read all of the back and forth here because I don’t thing it matters. What matters most in the advice given on this forum is the concepts. Sulcatas need consistent hot temperatures, high to very high humidity, proper diet (no fruit), constant access to drinking...
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    Temperature Sex Determination VIDEO- how this may relate to the Burmese Star TSD issues

    You are correct. I went back and reviewed the papers involved (studies on red eared sliders) for more detail, and I may be interpreting this incorrectly. I think for some reason, I am assuming that mutations affecting scute pattern would be occurring significantly before scute delineation is...
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    Temperature Sex Determination VIDEO- how this may relate to the Burmese Star TSD issues

    Very interesting, thanks! I have done quite a bit of reading and analyzing research on this topic too. This isn’t the first time I remember reading that calcium was involved the process (not sure if it was this group or someone else though). And I recall, in some of the earlier research on...
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    my 19 years old Chaco tortoise, Bureaucracy

    Well, in their native climate, letting her figure it out is probably for the best. Here in the states some people brumate and some don’t. It can be risky, and I am aware of someone that had some die during brumation. Does she stay dormant for 5 months straight, or will she come out if you...
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    my 19 years old Chaco tortoise, Bureaucracy

    Yep, these are good references. I’d love to hear more about how you are keeping this one. Do you allow her to brumate (go dormant) in winter? If so, for how long and what temperatures does she experience? Has she ever laid eggs? I have seen posts on YouTube where it seems they are still...
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    my 19 years old Chaco tortoise, Bureaucracy

    She’s beautiful. She is fully grown at that age. I am not sure I have ever seen an estimated longevity of this species, but 50 years or more is likely. Not much is written on these in captivity, as so few people keep them outside of their native range. They were imported into the US in times...
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    What's the most money you wasted on the hobby?

    Hah! I immediately thought of a girl I knew growing up named Bobbie. I wasn’t her type though. In all seriousness it’s the MVB bulbs. I have no idea how many I’ve gone through - a dozen? Two dozen? The worst part is I saw a bunch on clearance once at a pet store and bought a bunch of...
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    UV level

    3.5 sounds great. That is a really nice looking sulcata.
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    Egg Bound?

    The substrate needs to be deep - at least 6” but maybe deeper if she is over 6” long. It also needs to hold its shape (she needs to be able to dig a hole with vertical walls and have it not collapse inward). It sounds like she is trying to dig a nest, sometimes they will dig many times before...
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    Egg Bound?

    10 what - years? Age is not important, how large is she (length of carapace)? If she is large enough to lay eggs and doesn’t have any deformity or other problem, I’d be tempted to wait a bit. I assume the X-ray showed eggs that looked normal, since you didn’t mention otherwise? I have seen...
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    Egg Bound?

    How big is she? Are there any shell deformities that would prevent her from laying? Does she have a place where she can dig a nest? I have never had one get egg bound but I would think surgery would be a last resort. Tortoises can retain eggs for a long time, sometimes many months, because...
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    Researching adding a Sulcata hatchling to our family.

    They shouldn’t live together. The tortoise needs a secure enclosure that the dog can’t get to.
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    Hatchling doesn’t burrow or go in his hide?

    I think stars are just programmed to hide in grass - mine will always ignore hide boxes in favor of grass clumps. They will only use hides if there is no grass left to hide under.
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    Hatchling doesn’t burrow or go in his hide?

    Another comment: tortoises will stay out in the open if the ambient light in the enclosure is too dim. I am convinced they need BRIGHT ambient light to promote normal behavior (that is, seeking shelter during mid day when they would normally sleep). This is important because we want them to...
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    Do torts travel well?

    I have moved several times with tortoises and changed enclosures more times than I can remember. I almost always feel that the animals undergo some stress in unfamiliar environments. What I see is similar to what Tom and Mark indicated - a decrease in appetite, hiding / sulking, hyperactivity...
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    11 month old Cherry Head size, weight?

    Yes, groups of 3 or more are much less of an issue than pairs. I raised my 4 hatchlings together and they all grew at nearly the same rate.
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    11 month old Cherry Head size, weight?

    Normal to me would be 175-200 grams at a year, and just over 4”. 400g in a year is huge. That’s like Tom’s and Dean’s 4-pound yearling sulcatas.
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