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  1. Markw84

    Baby Burmese Stars are hatching

    We will see what the market is this year. These will probably go for $800.
  2. Markw84

    Is UVA NEEDED for indoor tortoise keeping?

    It should be noted that all our UVB bulbs also emit even more UVA than UVB. The reptile fluorescent tubes we use today put out approximately 40% of their energy as UV and 60% as visible light. (discounting for inefficiency) A 10% UVB tube puts out in the range of 30% UVA and 10% UVB. A 5%...
  3. Markw84

    Is UVA NEEDED for indoor tortoise keeping?

    UVA is quite important to tortoises. However, just like all types of light, we must not overdo it! So be careful to not go overboard. Tortoises have excellent color vision. Much better than we do! Their eyes have a 4th type of cone that is good at seeing UVA spectrum lighting. Bees use this for...
  4. Markw84

    U.K. Radiated tortoise owner!

    @Anyfoot keeps redfoot and radiated in England. I think he's been pretty busy the past year, but is normally a regular and excellent contributor on the forum.
  5. Markw84

    Are all UV bulbs created equal? Can the quality affect tortoises?

    UVA is quite important to tortoises. However, just like all types of light, we must not overdo it! So be careful to not go overboard. Tortoises have excellent color vision. Much better than we do! Their eyes have a 4th type of cone that is good at seeing UVA spectrum lighting. Bees use...
  6. Markw84

    Musk turtle sexing

    Too young and little to tell. Needs to grow more to develop the secondary sexual characteristics.
  7. Markw84

    Indoor enclosure advice needed for 4 year old sulcatas...

    Once they are 8"-10" I keep them outside full time. At 4 years, I know yours are certainly that large. I know you are "working on an outdoor enclosure", but even in the area you had been keeping them outside, I would just build a good night box and leave them outside. The night box will then...
  8. Markw84

    What kind of turtle do I have?

    Eastern Mud Turtle Kinosternon subrubrum subrubrum
  9. Markw84

    Proper lighting

    Humidity seems to be the main factor in proper tortoise development that is most often misunderstood and neglected. But it MUST be with proper heat as well. UVB and diet go to the proper bone development of a healthy tortoise, and of course bone is the main structural component of the shell...
  10. Markw84

    Winter appetite

    Your sulcata is too cold and does not have enough room to exercise and move about. Keeping a heated night box that never drops below 80° is what you want, but even then, they still need a way to heat their core body temp up to a proper metabolic level daily. That is the high 80°s. If they...
  11. Markw84

    Orchid Bark

    Here's an enclosure with newly hatched Burmese stars. I use Orchid Bark (fir bark) for all the tortoises. I raise baby sulcatas up to about 6" on it. Adult spider tortoise. Adult Burmese Stars in winter. Galap it's first year. etc, etc.
  12. Markw84

    Recommended Digital Temp Gun

    I like this one https://www.amazon.com/dp/B00DMI62HM/?tag=exoticpetnetw-20 It has a 16:1 spot reading measurement ratio. That means it measures a 1" diameter area at 16" away. Most of the others are 21:1 or even 8:1. So when I'm checking things outside like ground or my large sulcata's...
  13. Markw84

    Baby Burmese Stars are hatching

    thought I'd update as the first hatchling is now out of the brooder box today in its first enclosure along with its clutchmate that also hatched on the 11th. So it's only been 7 days, but they are doing extremely well and growing so time to go into their first enclosure. Here's the little one I...
  14. Markw84

    24/7 Outside Central Coast California?

    So much is incorrect here. Almost every point: "The region is narrow, but long. The mean annual temp for the whole region is 64F because temperatures swing dramatically. It could be in the 90s today, but that temperature will drop to 66F or lower before the Sun comes back up the next day."...
  15. Markw84

    Can’t find Orchid Bark, will this work?

    Maggie E B Stone Naturals offers the best orchid bark in large bags. They also have a line called "GreenALL" that has Fir Bark in 2 cu ft bags that is the same stuff, just not as strict a size control on the pieces, but very good. It is the one I use most and I know Tom uses as well. There...
  16. Markw84

    Baby Burmese Stars are hatching

    Yes. Once well started and at least double their hatch weight, I do offer them for sale to a properly prepared new home. I have 4 separate bloodlines that are producing, so unrelated babies can be chosen.
  17. Markw84

    24/7 Outside Central Coast California?

    I lived for many years along the coast near Monterey. I chose not to have a sulcata there. I think a point that is being missed is not just how cold it may get in winter, but just as important, how hot does it get in the prime time of year for the tortoise. Sulcatas thrive in weather that is...
  18. Markw84

    Stuck Turtles

    Completely normal while mating. By the way... Those are not red-ears! Those are Ornate Sliders Trachemys ornata They are native to the western coast of Mexico from the areas around Alcapulco to Mazatlan and even a little further north. They are great turtles, but you will normally find them...
  19. Markw84

    Is this a sign of my terrapin shedding?

    Looks like abrasion to me. Is there someplace with a hard edge that comes that high on the turtle where it tries to hide? They love to try to wedge in under things.
  20. Markw84

    Baby Burmese Stars are hatching

    Aaron, I am using it will all my species now. I'm experimenting with the theory that the peat will add organic matter and acidity which helps greatly with the chelation of shell calcium (available calcium for embryo) and also has a much better water potential than straight vermiculite - which...
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